Hemorrhoids or constipation are swelling or infection of the blood vessels that occur in the anus and the end of the large intestine (rectum), Mother. Of course, this situation makes anyone who experiences it feel very insecure.
Well Mother, this condition can occur because there is increased pressure in the blood vessels near the anus. Not only that, there are also many factors that serve as reasons or triggers for this problem, one of which is straining very hard when defecating.
Quoting HealthLine, hemorrhoids can be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids grow inside the anus or rectum, while external hemorrhoids grow outside.
The most common problem is external hemorrhoids. When this condition is experienced, the sufferer will feel pain, severe itching, and difficulty sitting.
Hemorrhoids Disease Pain And Trouble For Adult Person Hemorrhoids or Constipation, These are Triggers, Indications, and Methods to Overcome Them
Here are some of the causes of hemorrhoids that you need to know:
- Straining very hard when defecating.
- Sitting for a long time, especially while on the toilet.
- Deal with chronic hemorrhoids or diarrhea.
- Have a family history of hemorrhoids.
- Often transports heavy objects invariably.
- Carry out anal intercourse which can stimulate hemorrhoids.
- Having two bodies causes the uterus to swell and squeeze the veins in the large intestine, causing them to protrude.
- Aged over 50 years.
- Hemorrhoid indications
The symptoms that arise when hemorrhoids vary, depending on the type. Here are some of them:
There is skin coming out of the anus when defecating.
- Internal hemorrhoids:
- Incredible itching sensation near the anus.
- There is an insecure bulge or swelling near the anus.
- There is pain or burning near the anus, especially when sitting.
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- Hemorrhoids are not a risky disease. Even so, you and your family need to be vigilant so you don’t experience it.
- To prevent or avoid hemorrhoids, here are some things you and your family can try.
- Do not strain very hard when defecating.
- Increase the consumption of fluids in the body.
- Do not squat or sit on the toilet for a long time when defecating.
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid sitting for long periods of time especially on hard surfaces like concrete or tiles.
- Consume high-fiber foods.
As data, foods that have a lot of fiber are very useful for digestive health, Mother. This can soften the dirt so it is easy to remove.
Here are some suggestions for good fibrous foods to eat to avoid hemorrhoids:
- Whole wheat.
- Brown rice.
Guide to dealing with hemorrhoids
If you or your family have signs of hemorrhoids, follow some of the tips you can try to relieve the pain below:
- Not using toilet paper.
- Avoid using wipes with fragrances or alcohol.
- Stay away from sprays, deodorants, or douches in the groin area.
- Stay away from strenuous exercise and other activities that create friction.
- Stay away from tight clothes and aggressive fabrics.
- Keep the return zone clean.
- Use topical treatments such as creams, ointments, sprays, and suppositories with hydrocortisone.
- Take pain relievers as needed, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
- Sit on a soft pillow or donut pillow.
- Soak in warm water.
- Use an ice pack or cold compress.
- Hemorrhoid treatment
Illustration of a woman with hemorrhoids or hemorrhoidsHemorrhoids or constipation, these are the triggers, indications and methods for dealing with them/ Image: Getty Images/ iStockphoto/ fizkes
In some cases, doctors or experts may recommend medical procedures to avoid more serious complications. These complications include blood clots, infection, and inflammation.
The treatment given to people with hemorrhoids generally depends on the type and complications that are felt. The sufferer may need treatment more than once.
Here are some of the procedures offered for hemorrhoid treatment:
Sclerotherapy injections can be used to treat both external and internal constipation. The doctor will inject the hemorrhoid with a chemical solution that makes the bulge lower. Sclerotherapy injections can also be used to treat damaged small blood vessels in other areas of the body. This procedure may take several days, Mother.
Cryotherapy or freezing treatment focuses cold air or gas on the hemorrhoid to reduce the swelling that occurs.
This procedure works by hardening the blood in the hemorrhoid to reduce swelling.
Thromboectomy is a procedure to remove blood clots in external hemorrhoids, Mother. The doctor will numb the area, make a small incision and drain it. The sufferer may need stitches in the zone, depending on how big the cut is.
This is a procedure that places one to several small rubber bands near the base of the internal hemorrhoid to cut off the circulation of blood. After that, the hemorrhoids will decrease within a week.
If other treatments don’t work or if the hemorrhoid swelling is too large, the doctor may recommend minor surgery to remove it, Mother. Hemorrhoid sufferers may need local or universal (full) anesthesia for this.
There are 2 main types of surgery to treat hemorrhoids, including:
- Hemorrhoidectomy is a hemorrhoid removal that involves all the extra tissue that causes hemorrhoids. This procedure applies to dealing with internal or external hemorrhoids.
- Stapling is the procedure of placing surgical staples to block the flow of blood to the hemorrhoid until it goes down completely.
Medicine for hemorrhoids
There are several types of drugs that can be used and sold freely to treat hemorrhoid symptoms. However, sufferers are always obliged to consult with a doctor before buying one of them.
Here are some drugs that are recommended to treat hemorrhoid symptoms:
- Witch hazel ointment.
- Hydrocortisone cream or suppositories.
- Laxative as a stool softener (stool).
- Not only that, the doctor may also prescribe antibiotics if there are fears of inflammation.
Make it understood
Hemorrhoids are common in older people, Mother. In most cases, the disease is not serious and can heal on its own.
If this happens and the symptoms do not disappear within a week or so, then it is necessary to consult a doctor so that it does not get worse or experience bleeding.
The treating doctor may need to check the area to make sure there are no complications. The sufferer may also need bonus treatment if needed.
If hemorrhoids are felt during pregnancy or breastfeeding, the doctor may wait a while to treat them with drugs or other procedures.